There are several versions about the life of Buddha, from which we can narrate some famous episodes:
The Buddha Shakyamuni was the 4th in line in history of the Awakened Ones, and lived in India more than 2500 years ago. He chose to be reborn in Lumbini in the Indian subcontinent, which is now in Nepal. The subcontinent was culturally conducive to his education and learning. He was named Siddhartha Gautama and the sage Asita predicted his fate will be extraordinary.
His mother, Mayadevi, Mourrut died shortly after his birth and his father, the Raja Śuddhodana tried to offer him a life free from ordinary worries. However, the prince with little trouble could escape from the palace Kapilavastu many times accompanied by his servant and friend Channa.
The King held a feast at which Siddhartha chose Yashodhara, the one who would become his wife. The unease about this seemingly carefree life continued growing up as the days passed. They soon had a son, Rahula. The prince Gautama once when leaving the palace to go outside, made four crucial encounters with suffering — disease, death, old age and ascetics. He then decided one night to abandon his throne and find a way of liberation from this world.
At the time in that society, such renunciations were not uncommon as many families had seen a husband, a son or a brother leave home to find a way to transcend the suffering from this world. Siddhartha himself abandoned his family because he knew he would transmit the spiritual treasures he would seek. Gautama asked his faithful Channa to saddle his horse Khantaka and went into exile to the ancient kingdom of Magadha. He cut his hair and gave it to Channa and went into the forest. He exchanged his rich attires with a hunter and disguised as a monk and he began his quest.
After meeting with a monk, they went to yoga masters Alara Kalama and Uddraka Ramaputra. He realized that although good, these types of high concentration at one point do not ensure a permanent exit from painful world. So he went away again.
At one place he intensively meditated with five other yogis and neglected his bodily needs for six years. When he was on the verge of starvation, he felt a cool wind on his wrinkled skin and felt the smooth water when he bathed in the Nairanjara. He then realized the futility of physical sacrifice to attain enlightenment. And then under the disapproving eyes of his colleagues, he left again.
Once when, Sujata, a village girl who came to offer rice pudding to local deity, gave him a bowlful and saved his life.
Siddhartha then began looking for a place where he could meditate on the middle path and discovered the basis of concentration. Near the river Nairanjara, he sat beneath a giant ficus/Bodhi tree with a clump of Kusha grass offered by the young herdsman Svasti as a cushion. He meditated intensely in spite of disturbances and tempting by Mara, the demon of ignorance.
One moonlit night Siddhartha attained perfect enlightenment endowed with omniscience and infinite compassion. In the morning he saw things with new eyes and remained in retreat for 40 days. Then he sought the five classmates to share his insights. During the 45 years he attained the highest body of emanation. He then taught throughout the wide and deep the valleys of the Ganges, and went to the city of his childhood.
Buddhas’s teachings were transcribed in Pali and Sanskrit, and Tantra is very widespread and the philosophy continues to this day through the Sangha, the community that maintains the same virtues. Going into Northern India, near Kushinagar, Buddha showed once again the impermanence of all phenomena by leaving his physical form and moving into Nirvana. Thus the supreme truth of his physical form or Dharmakaya unified with his mind and became the eternally awakened one.