Tibetan belongs to the family of the Tibeto-Burman. The Tibetan is very different from neighboring languages (both in its syntax that vocabulary) as Hindi, Nepali, Chinese and Turkish languages. Tibetan spoken with many dialects.
The spoken Tibetan has several records, ranging from ordinary Tibetan to honorific used according to people who are spoken to. Another characteristic of this language is the liturgical language that uses the Tibetan literary which is applyied philosophical terminology and specialized Buddhist teaching.
Tibetan King Songtsen Gampo (609 - 650) initiated the creation of Tibetan writing. In 640, he sent a delegation to India headed by Minister Thonmi Sambhota. They studied Sanskrit and many other written languages in India and upon their return they created a new script which is what Tibetans use today.
Tibetan has alphabet has 30 consonants and four vowels. The formation of syllables is by combination of letters such as prefixes, suffixes, or stacked letters.
There are many written fonts such as uchen or for book printing, and umey which is cursive.
The calligraphy generally done by using traditional bamboo pen and ink. The techniques of calligraphy involve stringent criteria such as full, slender, space and harmony in writing. Today the practice of Tibetan calligraphy is a part of an artistic approach. It can be an excellent way to combine the calm of meditation and the joy of writing.